One of the more popular topics in Bible prophecy is the mark of the beast. Interestingly, the Bible doesn’t say much about it. Because people are so curious about this mark, they have many questions about its significance and meaning. That’s understandable in light of the fact Scripture gives so little information about the mark. Unfortunately, this lack of details has led some to offer all kinds of rampant speculations that have led to confusion among Christians today.  

For example, in the past, people have wondered if Social Security numbers or credit cards have something to do with the mark of the beast. More recently, with the advent of computer microchips that can be surgically implanted under the skin, some have suggested this technology may serve as the antichrist’s way of “marking” people. And in the wake of all the controversies about coronavirus vaccines and mandates, some people have suggested that the vaccines have a connection to the mark of the beast.  

In addition, many people have tried to guess the identity of the beast—that is, the antichrist. Some have taken his number—which Revelation 13:18 says is 666—and tied it to various famous individuals through the ages. To date, every one of these guesses has proven wrong, and in a moment, we’ll see why.

The tragic result of all these conjectures are that many people become confused about what the Bible says or doesn’t say, and Bible prophecy is cast in a negative light because of failed predictions. This leads people to shy away from the subject of Bible prophecy altogether.

So that we don’t fall prey to speculation, let’s take a closer look at what Scripture clearly tells us about the mark of the beast—as well as what it doesn’t say.

What Scripture Says About the Mark

A good starting point is the fact that the antichrist’s right-hand person, the false prophet, is the one who will require people to take the mark: “It [the false prophet] causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to be marked” (Revelation 13:16).

We’re also told the location of the mark, the reason for it, and the fact it is “the number of the beast”:

It causes all…to be marked…on the right hand or the forehead, so that no one can buy or sell unless he has the mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of its name. This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is 666 (Revelation 13:16-18).

In Revelation 14:9-10, we read about the consequence of taking this mark: “If anyone worships the beast and its image and receives a mark on his forehead or his hand, he also will drink the wine of God’s wrath…he will be tormented with fire and sulfur.” Revelation 16:2 repeats the warning that God will pour out judgment on those who accept the mark.

Next we are told that at the end of the tribulation, when Christ returns to the earth, both the beast and the false prophet—who “deceived those who had received the mark of the beast”—will be “thrown alive into the lake of fire” (Revelation 19:20).

And in Revelation 20:4, we get a glimpse of the fate of those who, during the tribulation, refuse to take the mark:

I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and for those who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or hands (Revelation 20:4).

This tells us that a refusal to receive the mark—and to pledge allegiance to the antichrist—will mean certain death.

Everything we can know about the mark of the beast is stated in the passages listed above. Anything that goes beyond what Scripture has revealed takes us into the dangerous realm of conjecture. So what can we know with certainty, and what has God chosen to remain hidden?

What Scripture Reveals

  1. The mark of the beast will be mandatory. The false prophet “causes all” to take it (Revelation 13:16).
  2. The mark will indicate a person’s loyalty to the antichrist. Notice Revelation 14:9 makes a connection between worshipping the antichrist and receiving his mark.
  3. The mark will be required for anyone who wants to buy or sell (Revelation 13:17).
  4. Those who refuse the mark will be forbidden from participating in commerce. The mandate for people to receive the mark will be a deliberate effort to make it impossible for anyone who rejects the mark—and therefore the antichrist—to survive.
  5. Those who refuse the mark will be put to death (Revelation 20:4). They will be among the tribulation martyrs.
  6. Because the mark will be taken by those who agree to worship the antichrist, it will serve as evidence that the bearer of the mark has made a deliberate, conscious, and irreversible choice to reject God. This is consistent with the warnings in Revelation 14:9-10 and 16:2 that those who have the mark will face God’s wrath.
  7. The mark will be placed “on the right hand or the forehead” (Revelation 13:16). This is very important to note—the mark will be visible on the hand or forehead, not hidden under the skin or from view. While it’s possible a chip or some other high-tech device will be used for the purpose of tracking people’s financial transactions during the end times, the mark itself will be visibly placed on the person. Its primary intent is to openly confirm a person’s allegiance to the antichrist.
  8. The Greek word translated “mark” is similar in meaning to the English words tattoo and brand. This is consistent with the fact the mark will be “on” the person and not inside.
  9. The mark is said to be “the name of the beast or the number of its name” (Revelation 13:17). It will identify the antichrist in some way. We are then told, “This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is 666” (verse 18). This is a clue for figuring out the mystery about the number, but the mystery isn’t revealed in this passage or anywhere else in Scripture.
  10. Based on the chronology of the book of Revelation, we know that the false prophet’s mandate for people to take the mark will not happen until the second half of the tribulation. The mark won’t exist before the rapture, nor during the first half of the tribulation.

What Scripture Doesn’t Reveal

Now let’s turn our attention to what isn’t revealed to us about the mark or the antichrist.

  1. Scripture does not describe the mark itself—what it will look like or what it will depict. Nor are we told the beast’s name or the meaning of 666. As noted earlier, there have been countless speculations about what the number might mean, but the Bible simply does not say.
  1. No one will be able to figure out the beast’s name or the meaning of 666 until after the rapture. Second Thessalonians 2:8 tells us “the lawless one”—that is, the antichrist—will not be revealed until “what is restraining him now” is taken “out of the way” (verse 7). Prophecy scholars have identified the restrainer as the Holy Spirit. Once the rapture happens and all believers are removed from the earth, the Spirit who resides in us will be removed as well. Not until then will the antichrist rise on the scene. For this reason, it will be totally impossible to identify the antichrist anytime before the rapture.
  1. Revelation 13:18 appears to give a clue as to the identity of the antichrist when it says, “This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is 666.” However, the fact the antichrist will not be revealed until after the rapture is a strong indicator that Revelation 13:18 is a clue intended to help those who are alive on earth during the tribulation, and not before. Not until the antichrist is revealed will anyone have the information they need to put the clues together with “understanding [and] calculate the number.”

What This Means for Us Today

The above-stated facts that (1) the nature of the mark is not revealed, (2) the identity of the antichrist won’t be known until the tribulation, and (3) the mark won’t come into existence until the midpoint of the tribulation serve as powerful reasons to avoid assumptions that anything taking place in our day has to do with the antichrist or the mark of the beast.

It’s possible that some of the prophetic stage-setting that God is doing today in preparation for the end times may contribute to future actions taken by the antichrist and false prophet. But because the mark itself will not come upon the stage until the second half of the tribulation, we can safely say that nothing in our day serves as the mark.

The fact the mark of the beast will not arise until after the rapture gives us the wonderful assurance that we don’t need to worry that we might unknowingly accept the mark in these days before the rapture. And because the antichrist will not be revealed until after the rapture—that is, after we have been taken up to heaven—it is impossible for us, as believers, to accidentally swear allegiance to him.

While we may wish we could know more about the mark of the beast and certain other aspects of the end times, God has chosen not to reveal that information before His appointed time for doing so.

But the things we can know—the truths that we will be raptured before the antichrist and his mark come on the scene, and that God will justly punish and bring an end to all wickedness when Christ returns—are meant to serve as a source of comfort for us. No matter how rampant evil becomes as we approach the end times, we can live with the confidence that God has us firmly in His hands, and nothing will thwart His ultimate victory over the forces of darkness.

When we view the more frightening aspects of Revelation—such as the mark of the beast—with God’s total sovereignty in mind, peace and blessing can fill our hearts. That is among the reasons Revelation opens with the wonderful promise, “Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and keep what is written in it, for the time is near” (1:3).